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Integrated solutions for water, energy, food and ecosystems

As populations and economies continue to grow, the demand for water, energy and food is set to increase as well. The effects of global climate change will only put further strain on natural resources, and life as we know it will be left hanging in the balance. Over the next 4 years, GoNEXUS will work to re-balance water, food and energy ecosystems to maximise our planet’s environmental security. Through in-depth case studies and scenarios, GoNEXUS will create a future-proof toolbox and a framework to manage the WEFE nexus.


GoNEXUS will determine the impacts of changing temperatures and rain on water resource availability and management from global to local scales.


GoNEXUS will estimate the impact of shifts in energy demand and production and define solutions to guarantee sustainable energy production.


GoNEXUS will assess agricultural water demands and crop-yield changes caused by climate change, shifting global and local markets.


GoNEXUS will investigate human pressures on the environment, climate change and policies have a profound effect on ecosystems to provide context-specific results and insights.

Cases studies

Danube River Basin

The most international river basin in the world

Shared by 19 countries and located in central and south-eastern Europe, the Danube River Basin is the most international river basin in the world. It includes a diversity of habitats ranging from glaciated mountains and hills, upland plateaus, and plains to wetlands near sea level.

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Lake Como

A highly controlled water system

The Lake Como basin is located in the Italian Alps region. The regulation of the lake is driven by two competing goals: water supply and flood control. Hydropower, navigation, fishing, tourism, and precious ecosystems further challenge existing water management strategies.

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Júcar river basin

Juggling water demand and availability

In the Júcar river basin, in the east of the Iberian Peninsula, water availability is precarious. The water, food, energy and ecosystem nexus in the region is so dependent on it that this weakest link can jeopardise the functioning of the entire system.

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Senegal River basin

Balancing infrastructural developments with traditional use

At the Senegal River basin, infrastructural developments and traditional uses are on a collision course. Stakeholders want to transform the Senegal River into a major energy, food and transportation hub in West Africa. But this shift threatens the livelihoods of river communities that use the riverbanks for farming and fishing.

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Tagus-Segura river basins and water transfer

The largest inter-basin water transfer in the Iberian Peninsula

The Tagus-Segura water transfer connects the Tagus and Segura rivers. Each of these rivers has their own unique set of problems made worse by a growing demand for water whose overexploitation puts pressure on the area.

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Zambezi river basin

The fourth largest river basin in Africa

A growing population and the effects of climate change are depleting resources in the Zambezi river basin. Assessing the WEFE nexus in this region can provide solutions for better river basin governance.

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Global Region

Working towards a coordinated and sustainable management of the WEFE nexus across regions worldwide

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EU Region

Collaborating on a coordinated and sustainable management of the WEFE nexus on the continent.

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